South Hill Parish

Protestation Returns  1641

 

The English Revolution (1640-60) began in November 1640 when Charles 1st. summoned Parliament to help him out of a financial crisis. Charles was very unpopular and was forced to agree to radical reforms which gave Parliament a more prominent roll in the constitution.

The political crisis escalated and the "Long Parliament" split into two opposing parties in the Autumn of 1641, forming the King's party of Royalists (Cavaliers) and the Parliamentarians (Roundheads), who demanded further political and religious reforms. The events of 1640/41 led to the Civil War which began in August 1642.

It was agreed and ordered on the 3rd May 1641, that every Member of the House of Commons should make a protestation (declaration of loyalty), which the House of Lords also agreed to the following day.

The Commons ordered the printing of the protestation and preamble on the 5th May 1641 and this was distributed by the Members to their counties. The Protestation was to be made by everyone and the Rectors, Churchwardens and Overseers of the Poor had to appear before the Justices of the Peace in their Hundred to make their protestation and, on returning to their parishes, any two of them were to witness the taking of the Protestation Oath by all males over the age of 18 years. All names were listed and anyone who refused was to be noted.

The protestation itself reads:-

I,-------- do, in the presence of Almighty God, promise, vow, and protest to maintain, and defend as farr as lawfully I maye, with my Life, Power and Estate, the true Reformed Protestant religion, expressed in the Doctrine of the Church of England, against all Popery and Popish Innovations, within this Realme, contrary to the same Doctrine, and according to the duty of my Allegiance, His Majesties Royal Person, Honour and Estate, as alsoe the Power and Privileges of Parliament, the lawful Rights and Liberties of the Subjects, and any person that maketh this Protestation, in whatsoever he shall do in the lawful Pursuance of the same; and to my power, and as farr as lawfully I may, I will appose and by all good Ways and Means endeavour to bring to condign Punishment all such as shall, either by Force, Practice, Councels, Plots, Conspiracies, or otherwise, doe any Thing to the contrary of any Thing in this present Protestation contained: and further, that I shall, in all just and honourable ways, endeavour to preserve the Union and Peace betwixt the Three Kingdoms of England, Scotland and Ireland: and neither for Hope, Feare, nor other Respect, shell relinquish this Promise, Vow and Protestate.

'M' indicates they signed with a mark, 'S' with a signature. However due to the fact that many of the rolls are transcripts done at the time this is not necessarily accurate.

       

?  William     

?  Thomas    

?  William    

?  William     

?  Sampson    

?  Theobald     

…. ?  Laurence     

…llson ?  Henry    

B ….  ?  Walter    

bantte  ?  M   

benet  John of Nula ….  s   

bennett  John  m   

bennett  William  m   

bray  Richard  m   

braye  John  s   

brient  Andrew jun    

cenner  Thomas  m   

cherke  Edward  m   

coll ..  ?  Walter    

coryton  George  s   

coumbe  Josias   s  overseer

crabb  Richard  s   

deacon  John  sen.  m   

deacon  Edward  m   

deacon  William  s   

deacon  William  s   

deacon  Sampson  m   

deacon  John  s   

deacon  Thomas  m   

deacon  Mathias  m   

deacon  John  m   

deacon  Sampson of beareland  m   

dier  Hennery  m   

dier  John  m   

dingle  Lenerd  m   

dingle  Nicholas  m   

dingle  John  m   

dingley  Richard  m   

dyer  John  jun  m   

dyer  Edward  m   

dyer  John  s   

ellcott  Rt  m   

every  Robert  m   

garth  Theobald    (erased)    

gasking  Richard  m   

gater  John  m   

griles  Robart  s   

grilles  Thomas  m   

grilles  Thomas  m   

grills  Sampson  s   

grills  Sampson  s   

grills  John  m 

grills  Sampson  m   

grills  George  s   

grills  Will de Ford  m   

grills   William (de) Mornick    

grills  Ed  m   

grills  John  m   

grills  John  m   

grills  John of Trevigro  s   

grills  John of Stockadon  s   

grylls  John  s   

grylls  John  s   

hammett  Richard  m   

harvy  Richard  m   

harvy  Sampson  s   

harvy  Thomas  m   

hawkin  Willm     

hude?  Richard  m   

ivey  James  s   

jane  John  m   

jane  William  s   

kelligrew  John  m   

lamb… ?  William     

lamb…?  Pearce     

lamberd  John  m   

lambert  Henry  m   

landery  Mathew  m   

landery  Sampson  m   

landrey  Marke  m   

larence  Hennery  m   

laundry  John  s   

laundry  John  s   

letheby  Stephen  s   

lethiby  John  s   

lucas  Wm  m   

lucas  ?  M   

lugger  John  m   

manaton  Sa.  S   

mighell  Thomas  m   

mighell  Stephen  m   

morcomb  Gabrell  m   

morcumb  Pascow  m   

nicholson  Mathew  s   

nicholson  Nicholas  s   

northey  Digory  m   

oliver  Edward  m   

record  John  m   

ruffing  Arthur  m   

sheere  Lawrence  m   

simon  John  m   

simon  Adam  m   

simon  Gorge  m   

sloggett  Fra  m   

stoden  William  m   

taprell  John  m   

thomas  J  s  Minister

tipper  Richard  m   

tipper  Richard  M   

tipper  John  s   

tipper  Samp. De Trewaye  M   

tipper  John de Treway  m   

tozer  John sen.  m   

tozer  John  jun  m   

tozer  William  s   

trehane  Stephen  m   

trehane  William  s  overseer

trehane  Peter  m   

trehane  Thomas  s   

tucker  Richard  m   

webbe  Sampson  m   

wele  John  m   

wilcocke  William  s  constable

willcocke  Mathew  m   

williams  Robart  m   

willis … ?  Robart     

woollridge  John  m   

 

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